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Struggles for Democracy

(1945 - present)

Struggles for Democracy

$160 per month

1 session per week


Allison Bruning




12 - 18  years old




Session 1: Democracy Case Study: Latin American Democracies


Students will identify Brasilia, land reform, standard of living, recession and PRI. 

Students will explain why so many people want democracy.

Students will analyze the conditions the make democracy work.

Students will explain why democracy suffers if citizens don't participate. 

Students will explain why might the wealthy have preferred military rule to land reform.

Students will analyze the problems Jose Sarney faced as Brazil's new president in 1985.

Students will explain why over-reliance on one product weakens an economy.

Students will analyze what finally caused military rule to end in Argentina. 


1) Complete Section 1 Assessment and Connect to Today on page 1039.

2) Read pages 1040 - 1045 in course textbook.

Session 2: The Challenge of Democracy in Africa


Students will review their homework.

Students will identify federal system, martial law, dissident, apartheid, and Nelson Mandela. 

Students will describe the effects of the war on the lgbo.

Students will analyze a primary source about the Nigerian government under General Sani Abacha.

Students will describe how the policy of apartheid strengthened whites hold on power.

Students will summarize the lives and historical contribution of Nelson Mandela and F. W. de Klerk.

Students will describe how Desmond Tutu helped force South Africa to end apartheid. 

Students will summarize major events that have occurred in South Africa from 1948 to present. 


1) Complete Section 2 Assessment and Connect to Today on page 1045.

2) Read pages 1046 - 1051 in course textbook.

Session 3: The Collapse of the Soviet Union


Students will review their homework.

Students will identify Politburo, Mikhail Gorbachev, glasnost, perestroika, Boris Yeltsin, CIS, and "shock therapy".

Students will explain why it would inefficient for the central government to decide what should be produced all over the country.

Students will summarize the lives and historical contribution of Mikhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin and Vladimar Putin.

Students will explain why Soviet troops refused the order to attack the parliament building.

Students will compare Yeltsin's action at handling "shock therapy" to how his actions during the August Coup ad identify which action was more supportive of democracy.  


1) Complete Section 3 Assessment and Multimedia Activity on page 1051.

2) Read pages 1052 - 1058 in course textbook.

Session 4: Changes in Central and Eastern Europe


Students will review their homework.

Students will identify Solidarity, Lech Walesa, reunification, and ethnic cleansing. 

Students will analyze how the fall of communism in Hungary contributed to turmoil in East Germany.

Students will explain why Europeans feared the reunification of Germany

Students will summarize the importance of the Romanian language. 

Students will contrast the democratic revolutions in Czechoslovakia and Romania. 

Students will analyze the geographical locations of ethnic groups in the former Yugoslavia.

Students will explain why Bosnia's mixed population caused a problem after Bosnia declared independence. 


1) Complete Section 4 Assessment and Connect to Today on page 1058.

2) Read pages 1059 - 1065 in course textbook.

3) Read Photojournalism and complete the Connect to today questions on pages 1064 - 1065.

Session 5: China: Reform and Reaction


Students will review their homework.

Students will identify Zhou Enlai, Deng Xiaoping, Four Modernizations, Tienanmen Square and Hong Kong. 

Students will analyze the different attempts Mao made to change China.

Students will summarize the ultimate result of Mao's radical Communist policies. 

Students will explain how economical reform introduced new political ideas to China.

Students will analyze a primary source detailing how Chinese soldiers are trained to obey orders. 

Students will summarize the life and historical contribution of Jiang Zemin.

Students will analyze the important role photojournalism had in recording historical events.

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