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New Nation

Shaping of a New Nation

$160 per month

1 session per week


Allison Bruning


Students will imagine they are a delegate to the constitutional convention. They will create their own version of the constitution for their their classroom. They need to be sure their constitution address the following questions:

1) How will laws be passed?

2) How will laws be enforced?

3) How can laws be changed?

Students will present their constitutions in the last session.




13 - 18  years old




Session 1: Experimenting with Confederation


Students will identify republic, republicanism, Articles of Confederation, confederation, Land Ordinance of 1785, Northwest Ordinance of 1787.

Students will be introduced to their course project.

Students will compare and contrast the two views of republicanism.  

Students will explain how anger among taxpayers influences changes in past and present politics.  

Students will analyze the role of women in political forming of the new nation. 

Students will justify their answer to the following question:

1) Why do you think states guaranteed the specific right of freedom of speech, religion. and the press?

Students will analyze the Native American view of westward expansion under the Northwest Territory.

Students will examine the Land Ordinance of 1785.

Students will contrast the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. 

Students will describe the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.

Students will identify the fundamental cause of the nation's problems under the Articles of Confederation.


1) Complete Section 1 Assessment on page 129.

2) Read pages 99 - 106 in course textbook.

3) Interact With History section on page 131. 

4) Start your course project. 

Session 2: Drafting the Constitution


Students will review their homework.

Students will identify Shays's Rebellion, James Madison, Roger Sherman, Great Compromise, Three-Fifths Compromise, legislative branch, executive branch, judicial branch, checks and balances, and electoral college.

Students will justify their answer to the following questions:

1) Why do you think news of Shays's Rebellion made states decide to participate in the Philadelphia convention?

2) Do you think the delegates made a wise choice in deciding to replace the Articles of Confederation rather than revise them?

3) How would you characterize the conflict between big and small states?

4) Why do you think the Southern states feared that Congress might do away with the slave trade?

5) How has the Constitution passed the test of time?

Students will examine the important contributions of James Madison and Roger Sherman.

Students will analyze the key conflicts in the Constitutional Convention. 

Students will examine the system of checks and balances within the American Federal System.  

Students will contrast division of powers and separation of powers.

Students will analyze the Line Item Veto that became a law on January 1, 1997.


1) Complete Section 2 Assessment on page 136.

2) Read pages 137 - 141 in course textbook.

3) Continue working on your course project. 

Session 3: Ratifying the Constitution


Students will review their homework. 

Students will identify ratification, Federalist, Antifederalist, Federalist papers, and Bill of Rights.

Students will compare and contrast the South African and American Bill of Rights.

Students will summarize the Antifederalists' major arguments against the Constitution.

Students will summarize the arguments made by Antifederalist and Federalist over adding the Bill of Rights to the Constitution.

Students will summarize the issues the Treaty of Paris left unresolved

Students will explain how the adoption of the Bill of Rights showed the flexibility of the Constitution.


1) Complete Section 2 Assessment on page 141.

2) Read pages 144 - 167 in course textbook.

3) Continue working on your course project. You will present your project in the next session. 

Session 4: The Living Constitution


Students will review their homework and present their projects. 

Students will analyze the Constitution of the United States.

Students will summarize the development of voting rights in the United States.

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