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(4 million B.C. - 200 B.C.)

Beginnings of Civilizations

$160 per month

1 session per week


Allison Bruning




12 - 18  years old




Session 1: Human Origins in Africa


Students will identify artifact, culture, hominid, Paleolithic Age, Neolithic Age, technology, and Homo sapiens.

Students will examine how early humans used tools to survive.

Students will analyze the components and effects of culture.

Students will summarize the contributions the Leakey Family upon the discovery of  human history. 

Students will explain why the discoveries of hominid footprints and "Lucy" are important.

Students will analyze the hominid development from Australopithecines to Cro-Magnon.

Students will examine how Homo erectus used fire to adapt to the environment. 

Students will compare how Neanderthals were similar to people today. 

Students will analyze a map of early human migration from 1,600,00 to 10,000 B.C. 

Students will summarize new homind discoveries including the 2002 discovery of a 6 - 7 million year old skill found in Chad. 

Students will analyze the importance of cave paintings. 


1) Complete Section 1 Assessment and Connect to Today on page 11.

2) Complete History Through Art on page 13.

3) Read pages 14 - 18 in course textbook.

Session 2: Humans Try to Control Nature


Students will review their homework.

Students will identify nomad, hunter-gatherer, Neolithic Revolution, slash-and-burn farming and domestication.

Students will examine the Neolithic Ice Man. 

Students will analyze what Robert Braidwood believes we can learn from early people. 

Students will infer the advantages farming and herding might have had over hunting and gathering. 

Students will analyze a map showing the development of agriculture between 5000 - 500 B.C.


1) Complete Section 2 Assessment and Connect to Today on page 18.

2) Read pages 19 - 23 in course textbook.

Session 3: Civilization (Case Study: Ur in Sumer)


Students will review their homework.

Students will identify civilization, specialization, artisan, institution, scribe, cuneiform, Bronze Age, barter and ziggurat.

Students will explain why cities were essential to the growth of civilizations.

Students will examine the Incan system of record keeping. 

Students will analyze the development and contributions of early civilizations. 

Students will analyze how Ur's agricultural way of life fostered the development of civilization in that area. 

Students will evaluate the modern dangers to archaeological sites.  

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