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City Dwellers

Early Farmers and City Dwellers

$160 per month or part of the Ancient History program

1 session per week


Allison Bruning 




11 - 15  years old




Session 1: Producing Food


Students will define drought, domestication, livestock, agriculture, slash-and-burn farming and surplus.

Students will examine the challenges people faced as Earth's climate changed after the last Ice Age.

Students will describe the regions around the world where farming developed independently.

Students will describe what early farmers did with the surplus food they gleaned from their crops.

Students will compare/contrast parallel time lines to gather and understand important information.


Make a set of sequence cards about how climate change led to early farming. Write a card for each important event. Be prepared to share your cards with the class in the next session.

Session 2: Forming Complex Societies


Students will define subsist, terrance, plow, irrigation, barter and pastoral society.

Students will share their cards with the class. 

Students will identify near what resources did highly successful farming communities develop.

Students will describe the advantages terraces provide for the Yangshao people.

Students will examine how an early farming community operated.

Students will describe the advantages the development of the plow brought to early farmers.

Students will identify the resources pastoral people derived from animals.

Students will practice reading relief and elevation  maps to learn more about ancient farmings areas of Eastern China.


Draw a picture of an early farming village and its surroundings. Include the shelters that people lived in as well as their fields or pastures. Add captions to explain how the villagers changed their environment.  Be prepared to share your drawing with the class in the next session.

Session 3: Building Communities


Students will define divison of labor, merchant, social class, government, urban, taxation and civilization.

Students will share their picture with the class. 

Students will explain what allowed many early villages to grow into towns.

Students will describe the artifacts that archaeologists have found in graves in Çatal Hüyük.

Students will examine the town of Çatal Hüyük and its complex society.

Students will explain why social divisions developed among people of early towns.

Students will describe some of the responsibilities of government in early civilizations.

Students will analyze artifacts and construct hypothesis based on fact and give their opinions about each object.

Students will will take a virtual field trip through the Lascaux Cave.

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