British History and King Arthur
$630 for 21 weeks
Students will be expected to conduct research outside of the classroom and create a short 5 minute powerpoint presentation about that topic. They will present their powerpoint presentations in the next session.
10 - 15 years old
Session 1: King Arthur: The Myth or Legend?
Students will be introduced to the myth of King Arthur. Students will be introduced to the world of Camelot and it's inhabitants. We'll learn what the difference is between a myth and a legend. Students will be briefly introduced to the British writers who contributed to the King Arthur myth and how it continues to develop today.
Find and print off a blank map of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Session 2: Prehistoric Britain
Students will explore how the island of Great Britain came to be. We'll explore the early inhabitants of Great Britain - the Neanderthals and Modern Humans. Students will learn about the various human occupations that took place in prehistory. We'll study the geography and historical events that took place during this time.
Create a Cave Painting telling about your daily life as a Modern Human or Neanderthal. Be ready to share your Cave Painting with the class next week.
Session 3: Celtic Britons in the Iron Age (750BC - 12AD)
The Celtic Britons arrived in Great Britain during the Iron Age and remained until the Middle Ages. We'll explore what life was like for the Celtic Britons before the Roman occupation. Students will learn what the Iron Age was and why it was important. They will also learn the difference between a Briton, Pict and Goidelic. We'll learn about the culture, beliefs and history of the Celtic Britons. We will be working through the EnglishCeltsPupil.pdf workbook.
Complete the Chiseldon Cauldron Activity. Be ready to share your Cauldron and what you learned from the workbook with the class next week.
Session 4: Roman Britons (43 - 410 AD)
HISTORY: Share your Chiseldon Cauldron with the class and what you learned from your homework. Briton, not Scotland, was occupied by the Roman Empire for almost 400 years. Students will learn what the Roman Empire was and how they occupied Britain. We'll learn about Hadrian's Wall and other great Roman accomplishments such as healthcare, education and roads. We'll learn about that Roman military.
KING ARTHUR: Medievalist, Kemp Malone, theorized in 1921 that the legend of King Arthur may have begun with the acts of the Roman Commander Lucius Artorius Castus. The theory resurfaced by American anthropologist, C. Scott Littleton and Arthurian expert, Linda A. Malcor. Students will learn about the theory, who Lucias Artorisu Castus is and what he did that started the path of the Arthurian legend.
Complete the working with Roman Numerals worksheet found at roman-numerals.pdf and rome.pdf
Session 5: Anglo-Saxon Britain (410 - 793 AD)
HISTORY: The Anglo- Saxons arrived in Britain shortly after the Romans left. This time in history is known as the Dark Ages. We'll explore why this time in history is known as the Dark Ages. Students will learn where the Anglo-Saxons came from and the changes they made in Britain that affected modern British language and culture. We will also learn who the Jutes were. Students will practice writing in Anglo-Saxon runes. They will learn about the rise and continuation of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms - Kent, Mercia, Northumbria, East Anglia, Essex, Sussex, and Wessex. We'll explore what life was like living in an Anglo-Saxon settlement.
KING ARTHUR: King Arthur is first associated with the Battle of Badon and the Battle of Camlan. Students will explore the historical records and what actually happened during those battles.
Choose an activity on Anglo-Saxon Choose Your Own. Be ready to present your project to the class.
Session 6: King Arthur
Many scholars agree that King Arthur probably lived during Anglo-Saxon Britain. We'll explore famous sites and the archeaological discoveries concerning Anglo-Saxon King Arthur. Students will learn about Tintagel, the London Basilica, Silchester, South Cadbury Castle, Wroxeter, Chester Amphitheatre, Birdoswald, Slaughterbridge, Glastonbury Tor and King Arthur’s burial at Glastonbury.
Session 7: Viking Britain (793 - 1066 AD)
HISTORY: Students will learn who the Vikings were, where they came from and about their migration to Britain. We'll discover what life was like in a British Viking settlements. We'll learn about Viking longboats and raiding. Students will learn who King Alfred was and how he united the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms into one kingdom in order to defeat the Vikings.
LITERATURE: We'll explore the Anglo-Saxon poem, Beowolf, that was first told during the time of the Vikings.
Choose an activity on Viking Choose Your Own. Be ready to present your project to the class.
Session 8: Norman Britain (1066 - 1154 AD)
HISTORY: Students will explore the Norman conquest of Britain. We'll learn who the Normans were and how they invaded Britain. They will learn who Edward the Confessor was and how his death created a leadership whole in the monarchy. Students will learn about the men who fought for the crown and then decide who should be king and why. The men we will study are Harold Godwinson, Earl of Wessex; William, Duke of Normady; and Harald Hardraada; King of Norway. We will also explore the Battle of Hastings and the Crusades.
KING ARTHUR: Students will be introduced to Geoffrey of Monmouth and his contribution to recording the Arthurian legend. We'll learn about the details he added to the story and the influence his story had on the legend.
HOMEWORK: Create a campaign poster saying why your should be king or queen of England. Be prepared to persuade us in the next class to elect you.
Session 9: Medieval Britain (1154 - 1485)
HISTORY: Students will share their campaign poster and argue why they should be king or queen. Students will learn the term feudalism and what life was like in Britain under feudalism. We'll also learn what the Black Death was and how it effected feudalism. Students will learn about the establishment of parliament.
Complete the Boardworks15 Feudal System Worksheet
Session 10: King Arthur in Medieval Britain
The class will discuss what they learned about the feudal system.
KING ARTHUR: Professional storytellers known as jongleurs spread the tales of King Arthur, Guinevere, Lancelot, Merlin and the knights of the Round Table. In 1191 Monks at Glastonbury announced they had found the burial place of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere. The remains were reburied in 1278. We'll explore more about places associated with King Arthur during Medieval Britain. Students will learn about Robert de Boron's poem, Merlin and Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur. We'll also talk about how Arthur's search for the Holy Grail began with Chrétien de Troyes' unfinished poem, 'Perceval, or the Story of the Grail'. We will also talk about Robert de Borron’s poem Joseph d’Arimathie (c. 1200)
Create a new character that lived in King Arthur's court. Be ready to present your character in the next class.
Session 11: The Renaissance (14th - 17th Centuries AD)
HISTORY: Students will learn the term Renaissance and what it means. We'll examine the Renaissance movement from Italy to Britain. Students will learn about the affects the renaissance had in art, science, religion and music. We'll take a look at some major influences in the Renaissance period such as Leonardo di Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello, Niccolo Machiavelli, Francis Bacon, Nicholas Copernicus, Galileo, Johannes Kepler, Martin Luther, Erasmus, Thomas Moore, Sir Francis Drake and William Shakespeare.
Choose someone famous from the Renaissance period and write a biography about them. Be ready to present your biography in class next time.
Session 12: Tudor Britain (1485 - 1603 AD)
HISTORY: Students will present their biographies. Tudor Britain also includes Elizabethan Period. Students will learn about the Battle of Botsworth, the War of the Roses and how Henry Tudor succeeded in obtaining the throne. We'll learn about each of the Tudor monarchs (Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI, Lady Jane Grey, Mary I and Elizabeth I) and how their reigns help progress Britain towards Modern Britain. Students will learn what it was like to live in Tudor Britain. We'll also take a look at the troublesome relations between France, Spain and Great Britain. Students will learn about the Reformation.
KING ARTHUR: Tales of King Arthur and his knights quests were spread throughout the Tudor courts. We'll learn about Thomas Malory's book, The Death of Arthur, which was published in 1486 and was one of the first books ever published in Britain. We'll also talk about the repainting of the Round Table that William the Conqueror had created for his castle in Winchester, England. We will also learn how John Leland determined Cadbury had once been home to King Arthur's Camelot.
Read and work on any worksheets we did not cover in class.
Choose a Tudor Monarch or their Queen and write a biography about that person. Be ready to present your biography to the class.
Session 13: Stuart Britain (1603 - 1714 AD)
HISTORY: Students will present their biographies. Students will learn what the English Civil War was. They will learn about the Glorious Revolution of 1688. We will explore the Gunpowder Plot, the Great Plague of 1665, The Great London Fire, Pilgrims, Puritans, Oliver Cromwell and the Trial of King Charles.
KING ARTHUR: Richard Blackmore wrote Prince Arthur (1695) and King Arthur (1697) as satires of the struggles between William III and James II. Students will learn what a satire is and how Richard Blackmore's epics added to the Arthurian legend.
Read and work on any worksheets we did not cover in class.
Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or villain? Read the statements on the Oliver_Cromwell_h.doc and place a H for Hero or V for Villain next to each statement. Add up the H's and V's to decide if he was a hero or villain. If you have more H's then V's he's a hero. If you have more V's than H's then he's a villain. Be prepared to share your results in the next class.
Session 14: Georgian Britain (1714 - 1837 AD)
HISTORY: Students will present and discuss the verdicts they came up with from last week's homework. Students will learn what Industrial Revolution was, what caused it and the effects it had upon British culture, society and welfare. Students will learn about the British monarchs
(George I, George II, George III and George IV) during this period. They will learn about the Battle of Culloden, Seven Years War, American Revolution, the Act of 1800,Battle of Trafalgar, acquisition of Australia as a penal colony, the Slavery Abolition Act and the Peterloo Massacre.
KING ARTHUR: Interest in the Arthurian legend was revised in 1816 when Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur was reprinted for the first time since 1634. Alfred Tennyson's 1832 poem "The Lady of Shalott" was a famous Arthurian poem of it's time. Students will learn who Alfred Tennyson was and how he revived interest in the Arthurian Legend.
Read Dungeons 18th Century Crime and Punishment. Complete Activity 1 and then decide a verdict for each of the accused women on page 4. Be prepared to discuss your findings and decision in the next class.
Session 15: Victorian Britain (1837 - 1902 AD)
HISTORY: Students present their findings and verdicts to the class. Students will learn who Queen Victoria was and how she greatly influenced English society. Students will explore what life was like in Victorian England. We'll explore the various improvements that were made across Great Britain in areas of science, technology, health, welfare, medicine and culture. Students will learn about the rise of the middle class, child labor and poverty We'll also learn about Jack the Ripper, Irish Famine and several reformations throughout the United Kingdom.
KING ARTHUR: We will continue to discuss Lord Alfred Tennyson's influence upon the Arthurian legend. Students will learn about Tennyson's great Arthurian narrative, Idylls of the King, which was published in 1859 and sold 10,000 copies in the first week. We'll discuss how King Arthur was associated with Medieval Britain and a lost spiritual place during this time. We'll also learn about Mark Twain's A Yankee in King Arthur's Court.
Complete the Victorian Invention factsheet. Be prepared to discuss your findings in the next class.
Session 16: Edwardian Britain (1902 - 1910 AD)
HISTORY: Students will learn who King Edward was and his influence upon Great Britain. Students will discover what life was like in Edwardian society. Students will learn about the Titanic and the societal changes that occurred during this time period.
KING ARTHUR: Arthurian stories were told to children during this time. We'll discuss our favorite Arthurian stories and characters.
Choose an Edwardian postcard and an Arthurian character. Make a postcard to the character you chose with the postcard image you chose on the front. Write to your character telling them about an amazing trip you took with your family. Make up an address for them and address it to your character. Be sure to share your postcard with the class in the next session.
Session 17: WWI Britain (1914 - 1919 AD)
HISTORY: Students will learn about the origins of WWI. We'll take an indepth look at Britain's involvement in the Great War and how the war influenced life in Britain. Students will learn what the Spanish Flu was, rationing, the German association of the monarchs and why the royal families name was changed to Windsor. The class will learn the terms propaganda and censorship. They'll explore how the British media endure both propaganda and censorship. Students will learn about the social changes that Britain endured due to the Great War.
KING ARTHUR: Students will learn about Henry Gilbert's King Arthur and His Knights. You can read this book and see the original illustrations for free at
Work on puzzles in the world-war-I-begin.pdf
Session 18: Interwar Britain (1919 - 1939 AD)
HISTORY: Students will learn about the peaceful time in Britain between WWI and WWII. We'll take a look at the Great Depression and how dictators, such as Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, presented many challenges to British leadership.
Could You Survive? Complete the Could You Survive worksheet using the 1932 prices. We will share our results with the class in the next session.
Session 19: WWII Britain (1939 - 1945 AD)
HISTORY: Students will share the results of their Could You Survive worksheet. Students will learn about the origins of WWII. We'll take an indepth look at Britain's involvement in the war and how the war influenced life in Britain. Students will learn about the children who were evacuated from their homes, the London bombings, and propaganda. We'll look at major military campaigns and battles between the allies and axis powers. Students will learn who Winston Churchill was.
KING ARTHUR: Students will learn about Clemence Dane's series of radio plays, The Saviours (1942)
Complete the Photo Detectives worksheet. Be ready to share your findings with the class.
Session 20: Modern Britain (1945 AD - Present)
HISTORY: Students will present their Photo Detectives findings. Students will explore how Great Britain had rebuilt their society after the end of WWII. We'll take a look at the political and social changes in Great Britain. Students will learn who Margaret Thatcher, Princess Diana, and Tony Blair were.
Who is a modern day hero? Why is this person a hero? Create a poster about this person that you will present to the class next session.
Session 21: Modern King Arthur
IN THE MEDIA: Students will present their modern day heroes. Students will learn about modern interpretations of the Arthurian legend in film, books and on stage. We'll learn about A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1949), Arthur of the Britons (1972–73), Merlin (2008 TV series) (2008-12), The Legend of King Arthur (1979), Camelot (2011), First Knight (1995), King Arthur (2004), The Sword in the Stone (1963), The Last Legion (2007) and King Arthur: Legend of the Sword (2017). We'll take a look at the musical, Camelot (first produced in 1960). Students will be introduced to the Once and Future King by T. H. White (1958), The Mists of Avalon (1983) and other Arthurian works. Students will compare and contrast the different stories and discover how each of the stories add to the Arthurian legend.
ARCHAEOLOGY: Students will learn about current archaeological findings that support that theory that King Arthur was a real person. We'll examine British archaeological digs focused on the Arthurian legend, especially the 2016 archaeological investigation at Tintagel Castle and their findings.