Ancient 

Egypt

Ancient Egypt

$240 for 8 weeks

Teacher

Allison Bruning 

Subjects

History

Ages

11 - 15  years old

   

Sessions

 

Session 1: The Nile Valley

LESSON OBJECTIVES: 

Students will define cataract, delta, silt, fertile, linen, arid, and predict

Students will identify the Nile River on a map.

Students will describe major features of the Nile River.

Students will explain why the Nile River was important to the ancient Egyptians.

Students will explain what the floods of the Nile River provided for farmers and how ancient farmers controlled the flood waters.

Students will explain how the unpredictability of the Nile's floods affected early Egyptians' religious beliefs.

Students will describe the agricultural techniques that the ancient Egyptians used. 

Students will describe how trade along the Nile support the growth of Egypt.

Students will describe how geography affected Egypt's economy.

HOMEWORK

Choose Your Own Adventure

Students will chose ONE of the projects listed below to complete for homework.

They should be ready to share their project with the class in the next session.

1) Create a sketch showing the different types of economic activities that took place in ancient Egypt.

OR

2) The ancient Egyptians told stories to explain events in nature. Think of an event in nature, and write a story to explain it. 

Session 2: Life in Ancient Egypt

LESSON OBJECTIVES: 

Students will define scribes, pharaoh, priests, social roles

Students will present their projects to the class. 

Students will identify the levels of ancient Egyptian society and their roles in ancient Egyptian society.

Students will explain how learning advanced in ancient Egypt.

Students will describe how the ancient Egyptian knowledge and learning have impacted our modern world.

Students will explain what the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were 

Students will examine the Lighthouse of Alexandria and the Great Sphinx.

HOMEWORK

What will our civilization be remembered for? Create a poster telling what you think our legacy will be. 

 

Session 3: Hieroglyphics 

LESSON OBJECTIVES: 

Students will define hieroglyphics, scribe, papyrus, cartouche and pictographs

Students will present their poster to the class. 

Students will analyze the development of Hieroglyphs, Hieratic and Demotic forms of writing.

Students will explain how the Rosetta Stone helped linguistic to interpret ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.

Students will discuss why papyrus was important to the ancient Egyptians.

Students will explain the importance of the Cartouch.

Students will write their name in ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs.

HOMEWORK

Choose Your Own Adventure

Students will chose ONE of the projects listed below to complete for homework.

They should be ready to share their project with the class in the next session.

1) Make a replica of Egyptian Papyrus Paper using the instructions found on this website. Once the paper is dry, write your name in ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. Your teacher will provide the alphabet to you. 

OR

2) Create your own Salt Dough Cartouche. Follow the instructions found on this website.  Your teacher will provide the alphabet to you. 

Session 4: Ancient Egyptian Mathematics

LESSON OBJECTIVES: 

Students will define addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and Eye of Horus

Students will present their projects to the class. 

Students will explain the relationship between the myth of how Horus lost his eye and the ancient Egyptians understanding of fractions.

Students will describe how ancient Egyptians divided items into groupings.

Students will practice writing, adding and subtracting hieroglyphs. 

Students will practice multiplying hieroglyphic numbers. 

Students will explaining the relationship between multiplying and dividing hieroglyphs. 

HOMEWORK

Complete the Ancient Egyptian Math Packet. 

Session 5: Beliefs and Religion

LESSON OBJECTIVES: 

Students will define afterlife, mummy, canopic jar, embalm, sarcophagus, polytheism, Book of the Dead, and ankh

Students will discuss their homework packet with the class. 

Students will describe the religious beliefs helped by ancient Egyptians.

Students will identify the Egyptian gods: Ra, Osiris, Isis, Anubis, Basat, Thoth, Horus, Khumni, Ptah, Set, Sobek and Taweret

Students will examine the mummification process.

Students will describe what happens in the afterlife according to Egyptian beliefs.

Students will examine the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens.

Students will explain the relationship between the pharaoh and the God, Ra.

HOMEWORK

Choose Your Own Adventure

Students will chose ONE of the projects listed below to complete for homework.

They should be ready to share their project with the class in the next session.

1) Make a replica of Egyptian Canopic Jars. Follow the directions found on this website. 

OR

2) Design a sarcophagus. It can be as large as you are or on a piece of paper. Follow the instructions given to you by your teacher should you chose this project.

Session 6: The Old Kingdom

LESSON OBJECTIVES: 

Students will define dynasty, succession, pharaoh, pyramid, step pyramid, Khufu, diplomacy, nation-state and vizier.

Students will present their project to the class. 

Students will explain how the belief that the kinds were living gods helped the kings maintain their authority.

Students will summarize how the pyramids showed the relationship between religion and society in Egypt.

Students will identify the kind of government that ruled Egypt after it was united.

Students will describe how Pharaoh Khufu proclaimed his glory.

Students will identify Pharaoh Khufu and why he is important to ancient history.

Students will explain why Pharaoh Khufu decided to build such a large pyramid.

Students will examine the Great Pyramid of Khufu.

HOMEWORK

Create your own pyramid. Be sure to include the King's chamber, Air shaft, Grand gallery, Passage to the grand gallery, Escape passage, Queen's chamber, Underground chamber and traps to confuse or deter grave robbers.

Session 7: The Middle Kingdom

LESSON OBJECTIVES: 

Students will define civil war, famine and  cost-benefit analysis

Students will present their pyramid to the class. 

Students will explain what happened to Egypt when centralized rule weakened.

Students will contrast how the Middle Kingdom was different from the Old Kingdom.

Students will describe the achievements made during the Middle Kingdom.

Students will summarize why Egypt traded with other regions.

Students will analyze the trader routes that were used by ancient Egyptians. 

Students will describe how the Hyksos were able to conquer Lower Egypt.

HOMEWORK

Choose from ONE of these pharaohs to write a biography about. 

1) Hatshepsut, 2) Cleopatra VII, 3) Nefertiti, 4) Tutankhmen, 5) Khufu, 6) Amenhotep I, 7) Thutmose III, 8) Amenhotep IV (who later took the name Akhenaten, 9) Ramses II, and 10) Snefru

Conduct research about your pharaoh on the internet and in your local library. When were they born? Who were their parents? Who were their siblings? Who were there spouse and children? When did they rule? What great things did they do for Egypt? When did they die? How did they die? Where were they buried? Anything else interesting we should know about the pharaoh? Create a presentation for the class. Be sure to include visuals and captions.

Session 8: The New Kingdom

LESSON OBJECTIVES: 

Students will define pharaoh, reign, rural, Hatshepsut, obelisk and Ramses II

Students will present their biography to the class. 

Students will summarize how the pharaohs of the New Kingdom changed Egypt.

Students will explain the significance of Queen Hatshepsut's reign.

Students will describe how Queen Hatshepsut tried to make Egypt richer.

Students will describe how Akhenaton tried to change Egyptian religion and what reforms he made during his reign. 

Students will explain how Ramses II expanded Egypt and will describe his accomplishments.

Students will contrast the differences between the Old and New Kingdoms' social pyramids.

Students will explain why most Egyptian buildings were made of mud bricks.

Students will examine the treasures found in King Tutankhmen's tomb

Students will examine what daily life was life in the Assyrian Empire.

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